Six interrelated steps have been identified in the third iteration of Scientists' Warning in areas that governments and policy makers can act upon
"Eating mostly plant-based foods while reducing the global consumption of animal products, especially ruminant livestock, can improve human health and significantly lower GHG emissions." "Cropping practices such as minimum tillage that increase soil carbon are vitally important. We need to drastically reduce the enormous amount of food waste around the world."
"...the world population must be stabilized—and, ideally, gradually reduced—within a framework that ensures social integrity."
"These policies make family-planning services available to all people, remove barriers to their access and achieve full gender equity, including primary and secondary education as a global norm for all, especially girls and young women."
"The world must quickly implement massive energy efficiency and conservation practices and must replace fossil fuels with low-carbon renewables and other cleaner sources of energy if safe for people and the environment."
"We must swiftly eliminate subsidies for fossil fuels and use effective and fair policies for steadily escalating carbon prices to restrain their use."
"We need to promptly reduce the emissions of short-lived climate pollutants, including methane (figure 2b), black carbon (soot), and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). Doing this could slow climate feedback loops and potentially reduce the short-term warming trend by more than 50% over the next few decades".
"Excessive extraction of materials and overexploitation of ecosystems, driven by economic growth, must be quickly curtailed to maintain long-term sustainability of the biosphere."
"Our goals need to shift from GDP growth and the pursuit of affluence toward sustaining ecosystems and improving human well-being by prioritizing basic needs and reducing inequality."
"We must protect and restore Earth's ecosystems. Phytoplankton, coral reefs, forests, savannas, grasslands, wetlands, peatlands, soils, mangroves, and sea grasses contribute greatly to sequestration of atmospheric CO2. Marine and terrestrial plants, animals, and microorganisms play significant roles in carbon and nutrient cycling and storage."
Our Pre-COP event "Planet in Crisis - Creating Action for COP26" will present, through a series of online events, the science and the actions needed now, at COP26 and in the very near future in order to protect the future of our children and every living creature.
The AWS is an international assembly of scientists independent of both governmental and non-governmental organizations and corporations, with a main goal to be a collective international voice of many scientists regarding global climate and environmental trends and how to turn accumulated knowledge into action. Dr. Bill Ripple and Dr. Chris Wolf serve as Director and Associate Director of the AWS respectively and feature as key authors of the Second Warning in 2017 and also the Climate Emergency Warning in 2019.